First Conditionals in English Grammar

In a previous post we looked as zero conditionals and in this one we will cover 1st conditionals. The two share a few similarities; they have two clauses, clauses can be swapped over, when the word if is in the middle of a sentence you can omit the comma, the if- clause sets the scene for the second clause to provide the answer.

There are also some differences:

  • 1st conditionals talk about future possible events (the zero talks about now with greater certainty)
  • 1st conditionals talk about a particular future event (the zero talks about things generally)

The formula for 1st conditionals is: if + present simple, … will + verb

Some examples:

  1. If I over-feed my cat, he’ll get fat.
  2. If I feed my cat too much, he’ll be sick.
  3. If I see him, I’ll tell him about the meeting.
  4. If you study very hard now, you’ll be glad you did later.
  5. If we run, we’ll still catch that bus.

Now you write one or two 1st conditional sentences for each of the following:

  • make a prediction
  1. ___________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________
  • issue a warning
  1. ____________________________________________________________
  2. ____________________________________________________________
  • make a threat
  1. ____________________________________________________________
  2. ____________________________________________________________
  • be superstitious
  1. _____________________________________________________________
  2. _____________________________________________________________
  • make future plans
  1. _____________________________________________________________
  2. _____________________________________________________________

Enjoy, keep practicing and keep coming back to check on what’s new. I’m adding fresh tasks/information regularly. Please remember to share if you liked this or any other post. Thanks

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