Frantic January… so busy!

Ok all, I know I’ve not spent any where near as much time on this as I should have but life this January had been very busy and full of fresh challenges almost every day. We’re now in February and finally, it looks like things will calm down a little, at least enough for meContinue reading “Frantic January… so busy!”

Third Conditional in English Grammar

This conditional is sometimes called the UNREAL PAST. It is used for discussing things in the past that did not happen AND because they are in the past already, they can never be changed and are thus impossibilities. You remember the last one, 2nd conditional, the one I told you was my favourite? At leastContinue reading “Third Conditional in English Grammar”

Advanced Gerunds and -to infinitives

As I’m sure you know, with some verbs we use a gerund and with others we use to-infinitive. For those of you wishing to expand your knowledge of these two areas of English grammar, here are a few harder examples for you to enjoy. A few verbs allow you to use either, for example: love,Continue reading “Advanced Gerunds and -to infinitives”

Gerunds

Gerunds are words formed by adding -ing to the ends of verbs (walk+ing, eating, shopping, writing and so on). Gerunds turn verbs into nouns. In sentences gerunds can have one of several functions: FUNCTION 1 Gerunds can be used as the subject when it is a noun and it is the action described by theContinue reading “Gerunds”

Relative clauses and relative pronouns

Relative pronouns make it very clear which particular person or thing is being discussed e.g. Jackie O is our bright white cat who gave birth to triplets last year. Relative clauses also give more information about things or people e.g. Jackie O, who is a three year old, short-tailed cat, is the mother of PrincessContinue reading “Relative clauses and relative pronouns”

Indefinite articles again…

So why are there 2 indefinite articles? (You’re wondering) Well, that’s easy-ish… we use ‘a’ before adjectives or nouns whose first letter is a consonant and we use ‘an’ before adjectives or nouns whose first letter is a vowel. And if that was all there was to it, this would be the end of thisContinue reading “Indefinite articles again…”

Indefinite articles

Well in a previous post we looked at the English definite article ‘the’. In this post I want to go over the English indefinite article a/an. Quick re-cap: We use ‘the’ to talk about something known to the speaker and the listener. However, when discussing something(s) unknown we use a/an instead. Why? Have you seenContinue reading “Indefinite articles”

Definite article – THE

This small but sometimes confusing word is used with nouns. These nouns can be something already mentioned in a conversation or known, something unique or something the speaker/writer has chosen to mention specifically. WE NEVER USE THE FOR GENERIC THINGS OR SOMETHING THAT HAS NOT BEEN MENTIONED BEFORE. The other day I was watching anContinue reading “Definite article – THE”

Adjectives – Have a specific order

As native speakers, of any language, we don’t always know specific rules for why things are the way they are with language, but we just ‘know’ instinctively. The order of adjectives in English is one of those types of rules. If you have an English friend, try asking them if they know the actual orderContinue reading “Adjectives – Have a specific order”

Modal Verbs 2

This post is to give you a little bit more information about modal verbs. I introduced modals in an earlier post (please do take a look, if you haven’t already) but I didn’t want to cram everything I possibly could into one piece of writing because then you’re likely to get a massive headache andContinue reading “Modal Verbs 2”

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